Without property rights, there are no civil rights. Without economic liberty, there is no civil liberty. This is why the Progressive agenda is invariably antithetical to both civil rights and liberties.
A work of timeless and magnificient beauty displayed wonderfully on the web – The Sistine Chapel, interactive and clear as a bell. View it on the biggest, clearest screen you can hook your computer up to.
Of course, to the atheist this is the product of delusion, ignorance, and evil – but most others will recognize it as one of the greatest works of art ever to proceed from the mind of man through the inspiration of Scripture.
The New Atheists like to portray themselves as skeptics – critical thinkers who question what others assume, denying the status quo, accepting only that which is rigorously proven through reason and scientific evidence. And it is a portrayal the world generally accepts as being true. The problem of course is when one actually reads what these folks write, and observes their interactions with each other on their blogs and discussion forums, there is actually very little skepticism to be seen – usually there is one foul mouthed leader spewing well-worn clichés, with a bunch of head-nodding acolytes affirming his (rarely ‘her’) every utterance. There is more dissension in the College of Cardinals.
In my hundreds of interactions with atheists, and strewn amongst the many posts here, I a rarely see deviation from the same pattern. I make a statement of fact or reason, some atheist pops in to derisively throw ad homs and invective at me, I respond with more reason and logic, they curse me and run back to whatever atheist headmaster sent them so they can be restored as a dittohead again. There are certainly independent atheists who can lay down a series of reasonable arguments, but the vast majorities are as unquestioning and devoted as the most strident Moonie or Scientologist. If Christians were as unquestioning in their beliefs as the New Atheists are, our churches would be filled to the point of bursting down the walls; and I am not sure that would be a good thing.
In short, the actual dittohead activity of most atheists contradicts the notion that they are skeptics and free thinkers – they are by and large as unthinking and unquestioning as the stereotypes of Christians they denounce.
One of the operating principles of physical cosmology, indeed a central tenet of the materialist atheistic position, is the Copernican principle, or the notion that the Earth is not in a central, specially favored position in the universe. One of the great champions of this notion was Carl Sagan, who saw earth not as privileged, but one of billions of possible worlds that contained life in the vast Cosmos, a mere pale blue dot in the darkness of space.
Recent facts however suggest that this notion is at best premature, if not all together wrong. Despite the fact that we have catalogued over 300 exo-planets, none of them appears to be anything like earth in terms of its ability to sustain life. And we are discovering that our planet sits in a sweet spot/Goldie Locks zone in terms of its position in the universe, the galaxy, the solar system, and in terms of its geological make-up. We are in fact not ‘ordinary’ at all in cosmological terms, but very privileged.
Now comes one more bit of evidence to add to this notion. Scientist have found that occupying a habitable zone is even more complex than previously thought:
Astronomers hunting for planets orbiting nearby stars similar to the sun are looking for signs of rocky, Earth-like planets in a “habitable” zone, where conditions such as temperature and liquid water remain stable enough to support life.
New findings from computer modeling indicate that some of those exoplanets might fluctuate between being habitable and being inhospitable to life because of the forces exerted by giant neighbors with eccentric orbits.
A lone Earth-like, or terrestrial, planet with a generally circular orbit toward the inner edge of its sun’s habitable zone could be expected to remain within that zone, said Rory Barnes, a University of Washington postdoctoral researcher in astronomy. Adding a planet comparable to Jupiter to the system, however, and giving it a highly elliptical orbit — similar to most exoplanets discovered so far — can cause strange things to happen to the smaller planet, possibly causing it to cycle between habitable and uninhabitable conditions.
What is even more interesting is that having a large gas like planet in one’s neighborhood is actually beneficial, provided they are stable in correctly placed orbits – they effectively deflect and absorb objects coming in from the edges of the solar system that could bombard earth. But if the orbits vary widely, the potential effect is disastrous for inner planet – again we are privileged to not have that be the case in our solar system, an apparently rare condition.
So we are less a pale blue dot in the universe as we are a rare gem of great value; someone seems to want us here.
I have always liked Neil Postman, ever since reading Amusing Ourselves to Death in college – and I quite forgot about this essay/speech until being reminded by Joe Carter’s post on FirstThings. I reprint it here with Neil Postman’s allowance that, “If you think my graduation speech is good, I hereby grant you permission to use it, without further approval from or credit to me, should you be in an appropriate situation.” As I like it very much, I want to share it here, perhaps to be given to a young graduate:
Members of the faculty, parents, guests, and graduates, have no fear. I am well aware that on a day of such high excitement, what you require, first and foremost, of any speaker is brevity. I shall not fail you in this respect. There are exactly eighty-five sentences in my speech, four of which you have just heard. It will take me about twelve minutes to speak all of them and I must tell you that such economy was not easy for me to arrange, because I have chosen as my topic the complex subject of your ancestors. Not, of course, your biological ancestors, about whom I know nothing, but your spiritual ancestors, about whom I know a little. To be specific, I want to tell you about two groups of people who lived many years ago but whose influence is still with us. They were very different from each other, representing opposite values and traditions. I think it is appropriate for you to be reminded of them on this day because, sooner than you know, you must align yourself with the spirit of one or the spirit of the other.
The first group lived about 2,500 years ago in the place which we now call Greece, in a city they called Athens. We do not know as much about their origins as we would like. But we do know a great deal about their accomplishments. They were, for example, the first people to develop a complete alphabet, and therefore they became the first truly literate population on earth. They invented the idea of political democracy, which they practiced with a vigor that puts us to shame. They invented what we call philosophy. And they also invented what we call logic and rhetoric. They came very close to inventing what we call science, and one of them—Democritus by name—conceived of the atomic theory of matter 2,300 years before it occurred to any modern scientist. They composed and sang epic poems of unsurpassed beauty and insight. And they wrote and performed plays that, almost three millennia later, still have the power to make audiences laugh and weep. They even invented what, today, we call the Olympics, and among their values none stood higher than that in all things one should strive for excellence. They believed in reason. They believed in beauty. They believed in moderation. And they invented the word and the idea which we know today as ecology.
About 2,000 years ago, the vitality of their culture declined and these people began to disappear. But not what they had created. Their imagination, art, politics, literature, and language spread all over the world so that, today, it is hardly possible to speak on any subject without repeating what some Athenian said on the matter 2,500 years ago.
The second group of people lived in the place we now call Germany, and flourished about 1,700 years ago. We call them the Visigoths, and you may remember that your sixth or seventh-grade teacher mentioned them. They were spectacularly good horsemen, which is about the only pleasant thing history can say of them. They were marauders—ruthless and brutal. Their language lacked subtlety and depth. Their art was crude and even grotesque. They swept down through Europe destroying everything in their path, and they overran the Roman Empire. There was nothing a Visigoth liked better than to burn a book, desecrate a building, or smash a work of art. From the Visigoths, we have no poetry, no theater, no logic, no science, no humane politics.
Like the Athenians, the Visigoths also disappeared, but not before they had ushered in the period known as the Dark Ages. It took Europe almost a thousand years to recover from the Visigoths.
Now, the point I want to make is that the Athenians and the Visigoths still survive, and they do so through us and the ways in which we conduct our lives. All around us—in this hall, in this community, in our city—there are people whose way of looking at the world reflects the way of the Athenians, and there are people whose way is the way of the Visigoths. I do not mean, of course, that our modern-day Athenians roam abstractedly through the streets reciting poetry and philosophy, or that the modern-day Visigoths are killers. I mean that to be an Athenian or a Visigoth is to organize your life around a set of values. An Athenian is an idea. And a Visigoth is an idea. Let me tell you briefly what these ideas consist of.
To be an Athenian is to hold knowledge and, especially the quest for knowledge in high esteem. To contemplate, to reason, to experiment, to question—these are, to an Athenian, the most exalted activities a person can perform. To a Visigoth, the quest for knowledge is useless unless it can help you to earn money or to gain power over other people.
To be an Athenian is to cherish language because you believe it to be humankind’s most precious gift. In their use of language, Athenians strive for grace, precision, and variety. And they admire those who can achieve such skill. To a Visigoth, one word is as good as another, one sentence in distinguishable from another. A Visigoth’s language aspires to nothing higher than the cliche.
To be an Athenian is to understand that the thread which holds civilized society together is thin and vulnerable; therefore, Athenians place great value on tradition, social restraint, and continuity. To an Athenian, bad manners are acts of violence against the social order. The modern Visigoth cares very little about any of this. The Visigoths think of themselves as the center of the universe. Tradition exists for their own convenience, good manners are an affectation and a burden, and history is merely what is in yesterday’s newspaper.
To be an Athenian is to take an interest in public affairs and the improvement of public behavior. Indeed, the ancient Athenians had a word for people who did not. The word was idiotes, from which we get our word “idiot.” A modern Visigoth is interested only in his own affairs and has no sense of the meaning of community.
And, finally, to be an Athenian is to esteem the discipline, skill, and taste that are required to produce enduring art. Therefore, in approaching a work of art, Athenians prepare their imagination through learning and experience. To a Visigoth, there is no measure of artistic excellence except popularity. What catches the fancy of the multitude is good. No other standard is respected or even acknowledged by the Visigoth.
Now, it must be obvious what all of this has to do with you. Eventually, like the rest of us, you must be on one side or the other. You must be an Athenian or a Visigoth. Of course, it is much harder to be an Athenian, for you must learn how to be one, you must work at being one, whereas we are all, in a way, natural-born Visigoths. That is why there are so many more Visigoths than Athenians. And I must tell you that you do not become an Athenian merely by attending school or accumulating academic degrees. My father-in-law was one of the most committed Athenians I have ever known, and he spent his entire adult life working as a dress cutter on Seventh Avenue in New York City. On the other hand, I know physicians, lawyers, and engineers who are Visigoths of unmistakable persuasion. And I must also tell you, as much in sorrow as in shame, that at some of our great universities, perhaps even this one, there are professors of whom we may fairly say they are closet Visigoths. And yet, you must not doubt for a moment that a school, after all, is essentially an Athenian idea. There is a direct link between the cultural achievements of Athens and what the faculty at this university is all about. I have no difficulty imagining that Plato, Aristotle, or Democritus would be quite at home in our class rooms. A Visigoth would merely scrawl obscenities on the wall.
And so, whether you were aware of it or not, the purpose of your having been at this university was to give you a glimpse of the Athenian way, to interest you in the Athenian way. We cannot know on this day how many of you will choose that way and how many will not. You are young and it is not given to us to see your future. But I will tell you this, with which I will close: I can wish for you no higher compliment than that in the future it will be reported that among your graduating class the Athenians mightily outnumbered the Visigoths.
Thank you, and congratulations.
(Source: Conscientious Objections, 1988,pp-184-190)
Incidentally, that is one of my problems with the New Atheists – as far as I can tell, Dawkins, Myers and Coyne are very well educated Visigoths.